Vinoba Bhave University, Jharkhand, came into existence as a teaching-cum-affiliating state university on the 17th of September, 1992, after the bifurcation of Ranchi University, by Act 3 of 1990 passed by Bihar Assembly. It fell under Jharkhand after the creation of the state on November 15, 2000. Its headquarters is at Hazaribag, a town of sylvan surroundings and tranquillity amid verdant forests. The post-graduate campus and the administrative block, along with the university engineering college, are situated over a huge area on the Patna-Ranchi national highway, NH33. Its jurisdiction extends to a large part of North Chotanagpur, including Bokaro, Dhanbad, Ramgarh, Chatra, Giridih, Koderma and Hazaribag districts, comprising a large number of constituent and affiliated graduate and post graduate colleges, technical and vocational institutes. It also exercises authority over all the Sanskrit, Homeopathic and Ayurvedic colleges of Jharkhand.
The University manages and maintains 22 Postgraduate departments including the newly established Biotechnology and Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Departments, MBA, MCA and M Ed under the nine faculties of Humanities, Social Sciences, Commerce, Engineering, Law, Medicine, Ayurveda, Homeopathy and Education. It proposes to introduce a number of professional courses at the master's level such as, Master degree in Geoinformatics and Remote Sensing, L L B (5years Integrated Course), Degree/diploma in Physical Education and Diploma in Library science. There are medical and engineering colleges too under the University. In addition to these, Vinoba Bhave University, among the six universities and two deemed universities of Jharkhand, is unique in the sense that it has the entire state under its territorial jurisdiction by wielding control over all the Sanskrit, Aurveda, and Homeopathy colleges. The university has also submitted a proposal to the government of Jharkhand for introducing 15 vocational courses at Degree level. The AICTE has already accorded approval to MCA and MBA curricula. The University College of Engineering & Technology has commenced the first batch selected through the state entrance examination. At present, B Ed teaching is being imparted in ten colleges of the University.